Joshua Foust, at Registan, has a long and informative article about the historical background of negotiations between the central government and FATA tribal leaders. The article also makes an interesting point about the similarities between the proposals for collective punishment in the Nizam-e-Adl Regulation, 2008 and the 1903 Frontier Crimes Regulation passed by the British:
In 1903, the British passed the Frontier Crimes Regulation. Its text isn’t online or even accessible outside a few university libraries, but reports of its effects are widespread. Recent stories about the expansion of Shari’a courts in Swat, Dir, Kohistan, and Chitral all note the similarities of a collective punishment regime to the FCR. The provision is seen as a “throwback” to the old British system of governance, in which an entire community could be held accountable for the actions of individual members.
Foust, Joshua. (May 6, 2008). Why the Taliban Ceasefire Won’t Matter. Registan.net.