Owen Bennett-Jones, writing in February 2008:
It is often said that any support being given to the Taliban is coming from unauthorized Islamist elements in the mid-levels of the ISI. In the past, similar claims were made about support for Kashmiri militants. In reality, though, the backing of the Kashmiri militants was never a freelance operation: the ISI was implementing state policy. The organization is led by senior army officers who are rotated in and out for two- or three-year stints. Not only does this prevent the establishment of an institutionalized “ISI view,” it also means that General Musharraf has been able to fill the upper echelons of the agency with his loyalists. The idea of the ISI being a rogue organization acting in defiance of government policy is now, and always has been, a myth that has provided convenient cover for the Pakistan establishment. If the ISI is supporting the Taliban, it is because General Musharraf has ordered it to do so.